Serious brain injuries can result from car accidents, slips and falls, and many other occurrences. Mild head injuries usually resolve on their own with rest and care, but more serious ones can require ongoing treatment.
Accordingly, it is important to know common treatments for brain injuries if you or a loved one experiences an issue. This guide provides greater insight to help you get the right care for your needs.
Signs and symptoms of serious brain injuries
While the effects vary from person to person, most moderate to severe injuries affecting the brain cause similar symptoms. Additionally, these symptoms can impact a person’s cognitive and physical faculties. For example, people with serious brain injuries often appear significantly confused, or may even come across as agitated. They may also behave in a manner that is out of character for them.
As for physical symptoms, loss of consciousness is a major indication that the injury is serious. In this case, a person may be unconscious for a few minutes up to several hours. Stomach upset and vomiting can also occur, as can weakness in the extremities and lack of coordination. When these symptoms present after a head injury, immediate medical care is a must.
Types of brain injury treatments
Doctors may need to provide emergency surgery to treat serious symptoms. For example, skull fractures can require surgery to mend. If there is an issue with brain swelling, doctors may need to relieve pressure using surgical techniques. Doing so can prevent more serious effects. Medication is another common treatment for head injuries, as it can stop seizures from occurring.
Many head injury victims also require ongoing therapy and treatment. Physical therapy helps build up weakened muscles, while occupational therapy teaches a person how to live and function with limitations caused by their injury.